A congenital melanocytic naevus (CMN) is an abnormal but benign collection of naevus cells within the skin at birth. Small single CMN are found.
Spider angiomas go by many names, including spider veins, spider nevus, and nevus araneus. They are a collection of small, dilated blood vessels (arterioles) clustered very close to the skin surface. This clustering may take the appearance of a spider web, hence the name.These clusters of blood vessels occur due to skin injury, sun exposure, hormonal changes, or even liver disease, but most of the time the cause is unknown. They are typically just a cosmetic abnormality, having no medical concern.
In some cases, however, they may cause some discomfort. If desired, spider angiomas can be removed using a variety of methods. Prevalence of spider angiomaIn the United States, young children and pregnant women are the most frequent exhibitors of spider angiomas.
Spider angiomas, in general, are common in healthy children and are present in about 10-15 percent of healthy adults. Spider angiomas have no predilection toward race but are known for being more common in women as opposed to men.One study found that 38 percent of healthy, school aged children (ages 5 to 15 years) have at least one spider nevus, while most had one to four lesions that tended to increase in number with age.
Are spider angiomas hereditary?Although very common—affecting nearly one in every ten adults—spider angiomas are not considered hereditary and do not run in families. Spider angiomas are very commonly seen in children as well. Symptoms of spider angiomaFor most people, the appearance of spider angiomas are the only presenting symptom and are of no concern. They generally look like a red dot in the center with thin vessels branching out, but may appear differently in your specific case. The thin vessels form a web-like shape and may be red, blue, or even purple in color. Applying pressure to the area will usually cause them to temporarily disappear, reappearing once the blood starts flowing back.Spider angiomas can appear anywhere on the body, with the face, neck, or sun exposed legs being the most common locations.
In rare instances, some people may feel aching or burning around the angioma on the leg that may be associated with long periods of standing. What causes spider angioma?The exact reason behind spider angioma’s occurrence isn’t known, but researchers believe that numerous factors play a role in their development. These may include:.
Injury. Changes in hormone levels. Exposure to the sun. Underlying illness like liver diseaseThe appearance of several spider angiomas at once is a common.
Spider angioma also commonly shows up during pregnancy, possibly due to elevated levels of estrogen in the system. High estrogen levels also accompany chronic liver disease, where multiple spider angioma can appear. Who’s at risk of spider angioma?Spider angioma may occur more frequently if you have the following risk factors:Age: It is thought that aging may cause valves in blood vessels to weaken, leading to the increased formation of spider angiomas.Hormonal changes: Instances like puberty, pregnancy, and, in addition to taking oral contraceptives, may increase the likelihood of spider angioma development. Mohan Garikiparithi got his degree in medicine from Osmania University (University of Health Sciences). He practiced clinical medicine for over a decade before he shifted his focus to the field of health communications. During his active practice he served as the head of the Dept.
Of Microbiology in a diagnostic centre in India. On a three-year communications program in Germany, Mohan developed a keen interest in German Medicine (Homoeopathy), and other alternative systems of medicine. He now advocates treating different medical conditions without the use of traditional drugs. An ardent squash player, Mohan believes in the importance of fitness and wellness.
On any matter relating to your health or well-being, please check with an appropriate health professional. No statement herein is to be construed as a diagnosis, treatment, preventative, or cure for any disease, disorder or abnormal physical state. The statements herein have not been evaluated by the Foods and Drugs Administration or Health Canada.
Marchione and the doctors on the Bel Marra Health Editorial Team are compensated by Bel Marra Health for their work in creating content, consulting along with formulating and endorsing products.
Moles (Nevi)by Drugs.com. Last updated on Mar 4, 2020. Health GuideWhat Is It?Moles are small, pigmented spots on the skin that usually appear during childhood or adolescence, although they are sometimes present at birth. They are composed of clusters of pigmented cells called melanocytes. People may develop more moles during adolescence and pregnancy, and existing ones may enlarge or darken somewhat during these times. Despite such changes, moles should always remain:.Evenly pigmented — The color is the same across the mole.Sharply demarcated — The edges of the mole are clear-cut.Symmetrical in shape and color — All parts of the mole look similar.SymptomsMoles can vary in color. They can be flesh-colored, yellow-brown or dark brown.
They also can be flat or raised and can be smooth, hairy or warty. Although moles usually are harmless, in some cases they can become cancerous, causing a potentially deadly tumor called malignant melanoma. For this reason, it is important to monitor moles and have them examined by a dermatologist if they:.Get larger suddenly.Develop an irregular border.Become darker or inflamed.Show spotty color changes.Begin to bleed, crack or itch.Become painfulMoles called atypical moles, or dysplastic nevi, have somewhat different physical characteristics and sometimes run in families.
They are more likely than common moles to turn into cancer. Tyson game day recipes. People with multiple dysplastic nevi and melanoma in two or more first-degree relatives have 25 times the risk of developing melanoma.
This is called the dysplastic nevus-melanoma syndrome. DiagnosisYour doctor can determine the type of mole you have by looking at it:Common moles usually are no more than 1 to 10 millimeters (less than half an inch) in diameter. They are flesh-colored, yellow-brown or dark brown and can be located anywhere on the body. They usually appear during childhood or adolescence.Atypical moles (dysplastic nevi) are usually larger in diameter (5 millimeters to 12 millimeters).
They are tan to dark brown and may have a mixture of colors, including tan, dark brown, and sometimes pink or black. The border is often irregular and indistinct and often fades into the surrounding skin. Most commonly, atypical moles appear on sun-exposed skin, but they can occur elsewhere, and they continue to develop after age 35. Expected DurationMost moles never become a problem.
However, moles should be inspected regularly for any abnormal changes. PreventionWhen melanocytes become cancerous, they are called melanomas. It is important to examine your moles regularly to look for any suspicious changes. Get someone else to inspect your scalp and other areas that are hard to see.
Watch for the early warning signs of melanoma by using the ABCDE criteria:.Asymmetry.Border irregularities.Color variation (different colors within the same mole).Diameter greater than 6 millimeters (larger than a pencil eraser).Evolving (a new mole developing)Practice safe sunning. Never sunbathe or visit a suntan parlor for the sake of tanning.
Use high-SPF sunscreen when outdoors, wear protective hats and clothing, and avoid the outdoors when the sun is most intense, from 11 a.m. Sweating or swimming can cause sunscreen to wash off, even if it is labeled as 'waterproof'. Reapply sunscreen often.TreatmentCommon moles do not need to be removed. However, some people choose to have them removed for cosmetic reasons; if they are raised and located in areas where clothing irritates them, such as the waistline; or if they are on the scalp and are irritated by hair brushing. Most moles can be cut off in a simple in-office procedure. Moles and dysplastic nevi whose appearance suggests they may be cancerous should be removed and examined under a microscope.
If they are found to be cancerous, additional skin in the surrounding area also must be removed. When To Call A ProfessionalDo not ignore warning signs. Have suspicious moles checked by a dermatologist. Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, but early diagnosis could save your life. If a mole appears abnormal, your doctor will do a biopsy by taking some of the mole tissue so it can be examined in a laboratory. Also, having a doctor check your moles once is not enough.
Normal-looking moles can become cancerous later. Moles must be examined from time to time, especially if you notice any changes. If you have dysplastic nevi or if there is a history of melanoma in your family, you should have a physician check all of your moles regularly.
Your physician will recommend how often you should have them checked. PrognosisSince moles can become cancerous, it is important to see a dermatologist if a mole changes.
External resourcesAmerican Academy of Dermatology P.O. Box 4014 Schaumburg, IL Phone: (847) 330-0230 Toll-Free: (888) 462-3376 Fax: (847) 330-0050Further informationAlways consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.