Medieval Europe Castles

The castle is built of wood, unlike like most European castles, but it does have a central keep, walls and baileys. The entrance to the bailey has murder holes and the castle has arrow loops. The castle entrance is a maze that follows circular paths with dead ends and was designed to confuse an invading army.

.The castle as we know it today was introduced into England in 1066 during the Norman invasion led by William the Conqueror. After their victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans settled in England. They constructed castles all over the country in order to control their newly-won territory, and to pacify the Anglo-Saxon population. These early castles were mainly of motte and bailey type. The ‘motte’ was made up of a large mound of earth with a wooden tower on top, while the ‘bailey’ was a large ditch and bank enclosure which surrounded the motte.These timber castles were quite cheap and very quick to build. However, the timber castles did have disadvantages.

They were very vulnerable to attacks using fire and the wood would eventually start to rot. Due to these disadvantages, King William ordered that castles should be built in stone. Many of the original timber castles were replaced with stone castles.Over time, stone castles were built in different architectural styles as builders experimented with castle-building techniques. In their infancy, castles were primarily military fortifications used to defend conquered territories from attack. The strategic location of the castle was paramount. However, once the Normans began to consolidate their control over England, castles began to take on a variety of different roles.

Castles could serve as a centre for local government, administration and justice. They were also used by powerful lords to display their wealth and power through lavish architectural styles and decoration. Castles were not only built and used by the crown. In fact, the majority of castles were granted by the king to his loyal lords and nobles along with large areas of land. In return for these grants, the king expected his nobles to control and administer these lands on his behalf. The castle itself also represented a whole group of people who contributed to its function from constables, masons, blacksmiths and servants to name a few.Tasks.

Teachers' notesThe purpose of this enquiry is to allow students to explore documents relating to the general function of castles. Did some people find them intimidating? Did a king view a castle in the same way as a peasant? Did a queen think about a castle in the same way as a builder?The questions provided with each source act as prompts for students to answer the overarching question: What was the purpose and significance of castles?The records used cover a range of material including royal grants, extracts from pipe rolls and the Calendar of Patent Rolls, royal orders, licences and pardons. We hope that these documents will offer students a chance to develop their powers of evaluation and analysis. All sources have been provided with a transcript and, as the language may prove challenging, we have also provided a simplified version with more difficult words defined within the text. Each source is captioned and dated to provide a sense of what the document is about.

Alternatively, teachers may wish to use the sources to develop their own lesson in a different way or combine with other sources.The documents included in this lesson relate to the following castles: Framlingham, Portchester, Stokesay, Berwick, Alnwick, and Pevensey some of which also feature in the specification for OCR History GCSE module: Castles Form and Function c1000-1750 as specified sites in conjunction with English Heritage. Framlingham Castle is the first named site for OCR in 2018, followed by Kenilworth Castle in 2019.

Cafeteria nipponica pc download free. For AQA, GCSE History, modules Historical Environment of Norman England (1066-1100) and Medieval England (1272-1307), Stokesay Castle is the specified site for 2018 followed by Pevensey Castle and Caernarfon Castles as the specified sites for 2019.External links.

Medieval CastlesThe word castle comes from the latin word Castellum, they were fortified medieval structures that offered protection to nobility and other classes of people, although there were exceptions where medieval castles were used strictly for strategic positioning.Medieval Castles were a European innovation that originated in the 9th and 10th centuries. The Nobles of those times built castles to control the surrounding areas and to protect their families and wealth from rivals, It was also made it easier to plan and co-ordinate raids on other castles, towns and villages and you could always run back to the safety your own castle.The Medieval castles during the period were divided into castles owned by the king and castles owned by Anglo-Norman Lords. The main castles of the medieval period were those of the king and other nobles and these were the castles of the time that offered the best protection.

Urban castles which were also owned by the king were enforced by sheriff like people who were ordered by the king to keep peace in those lands. Early medieval Castles such as Portchester Castle in England Early Medieval CastlesThe oldest types of castles were used as a defense against invading tribes who only had one idea in their mind, to steal everything you had.The first basic forms of castle defenses originated from fortifications that were for the benefit of noble families.The castles which survived the attacks and raids provided the castle’s lord further chances for improvement of the castle and more control of the surrounding lands. It allowed room for expansion, not just for lands but even administrative functions and unit garrisons.Castle Siege – Medieval Castle AttackIf taking a castle was the mission, most of the time a siege would be laid upon it.A direct attack could be ordered but it was better and more tactically astute to place which would penalize the castles guards morale, food supplies and will to fight.Without relief from an external source, the would eventually submit.A Siege could last weeks, months and in rare occasions the siege could last for a year, if the castles supplies permitted it so.